By Juan Diego Quesada
This can be the 1st finished description of the grammatical constitution of Teribe, a language of Panama, and a member of the Chibchan kinfolk of languages, which covers a large quarter starting from Northeastern Honduras, in the course of the Atlantic of Nicaragua, such a lot of Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, to the West of Venezuela. Spoken by means of a few 1,000 humans, Teribe is at the present in all probability, even though now not critically, endangered. This grammar fills a lacuna in a twofold demeanour: it offers an in depth account of the constitution of Teribe, and in doing so, it reduces the variety of important American Chibchan languages being undescribed. This grammar is hence meant as a contribution to the outline of the language at 3 degrees: a. language-immanent; b. Chibchan comparative grammar; c. documentation of endangered languages, in particular these of the yank continent. Teribe is either a transparent consultant of the "Central American" good points of the Chibchan languages (numeral classifiers, restricted contract, no evidentials), and idiosyncratic inside those languages (having such phenomena as an inverse development and verb serialization). The learn for this ebook used to be funded in its entirety by means of the Social Sciences and arts examine Council of Canada.
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Additional info for A grammar of Teribe
Warering (= to be watcnd), looking a/er (= lo be looked aitcr. cared for). rncnding (= need 10 h repaired). tactful lronllling (310 be handlcd They refer staying Indoor# when rhc weather is cold. / Wou d you prefi to slay PI home 1hl3 evmlyP I ~houldprrfirnor to go our. E don'r llkcgolng to the ~heurreahnc. tactfullyb thinking o/(= I'd llkc to go io the thcarre Ifpu'llgo with ntc R e ~ i nand srarr art used in both pattern. Hc began/~rartcdborrowing m y . Ile brgrvr/srnrrtdto borrow money. When rblesc verbs am used in the progressive tensu.
1 begin to sceJtmn&rstmd haw It work#. ) . Same phrasal verbs are uscd in VPbD and some in VPT. Set about (meaning 'begin', 'make a start on') is uscd with gerunds. to h thought about). repealing (= was loo bad to bc rtpcatedl. - - . - - No tc 5 Won't bcor is used with gerunds. Cndt beor is also used wit!! gcrunds, as ia VPCD, m d also in VP7, Shc can't beor sceinglto rce aninlolr irrotcd errrrlly. Verb Pattern 7 1-78 la this pattern the verb if f~tlowcdby a 10-infmitivc. which may bc pmxded by not where this mnkw sew.
Dead. empry. srro* srif. lord and clear. same thlup EIE miIk his audience W e proved How did prigcf If the subjcet is an infinitive phrase, introductory ir may bt used, wifb Ihe phrasc at rhe end. To see mimls being crtrclly rrc~redI makes 1 her 1 furlous. It makcs 1 her I fufrous I to see animals beirp cruelly rreured. Wbto, instead of a noun or noun p b r m as object, tbere is an infinitive or gtrundial phraseka depcndcnt queslioa, or a rhor-clause, introductory if is used. with ,the adjeclive lollowiog it immcdiatcfy.
A grammar of Teribe by Juan Diego Quesada